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Ksetra-Ksetrajña Vibhaga Yoga
The Yoga of the Field, the Knower of the Field and their DivisionsGo to: Chapter Fourteen.13:1: Arjuna said: I wish to relieve knowledge concerning prakriti,purusa, the field, the knower of the field, and what is to be known, OKe*ava.]
The Blessed One said: O child of Kunti, this body is called the ‘field’and one who knows this is called ‘the knower of the field’ according tothose who understand.
13:2: Know Me to be the knower of the field (or body) and indeed,the knower of all fields (bodies), O descendent of Bharata. Those whoknow the field and the knower of the field have perfect knowledge in Myopinion.
13:3, 4: Hear from Me in brief about the field as it is, itstransformations, its origin, its creator, and the glories of it's God.
This is discussed in many ways by the seers who have sung in varioushymns and individual aphorisms from the Brahma Sutra with well reasonedconclusions.
13:5, 6: The five great elements, false ego, the intellect, theunmanifested existence, the ten senses and the mind, the five senseobjects, -
Desire, hatred, happiness, suffering, the body with its senses, consciousness and resoluteness
The transformations of the field (the body) are herein briefly illustrated.
13:7-11: Humility, sincerity, nonviolence, tolerance,uprightness, serving the spiritual preceptor, purity, steadfastness,self control,
Not desiring sense objects, devoid of false ego, regarding the defilement of birth, old age, disease and suffering,
Devoid of attachment, without clinging to son, wife, home etc., withconstant equilibrium having attained the desirable and undesirable,
With exclusive and constant devotion to Me, resorting to desolate places due to dissatisfaction with human society,
Maintaining constancy in knowledge of the self, and insight into theaim of the knowledge of truth - this is called real knowledge; thatwhich is contrary to this is ignorance.
13:12: That which is to be known I will describe, knowing which,one imbibes the nectar of immortality. Thus knowing, one deems Me to bethe supreme, beginningless Spirit; being supreme I am called both beingand non-being.
13:13-18: I am everywhere in the world, abiding in the hands, feet, eyes, heads, mouths, ears; I am all pervading.
Illuminating the qualities of all senses, yet possessing no senses,maintaining everything, yet without being attached to anything, devoidof all material qualities, yet employing the senses,
I am within and without all beings, both the unmoving and the moving.Due to My subtle nature, I am unknowable. I am far away yet near.
Undivided, yet abiding within all living beings as if divided, themaintainer of all beings, the object of knowledge, devouring all; I ampreeminent.
In all luminous objects I am the light; I am beyond darkness. I am saidto be knowledge, the object of knowledge and the goal of knowledge; Iam established within the hearts of all.
Thus I have briefly explained the field, knowledge and the object ofknowledge. Knowing this, My devotees are eligible to attain Me.
13:19-21: Material nature and the living entities arebeginningless. Know both to be transformations of the three gunas, bornof material nature.
In the creation of cause and effect, material nature is said to be thecause, in experiencing pleasure and suffering, the living entity is saidto be the determinant.
The living entity, abiding in material nature, enjoys the threequalities of material nature due to association with the gunas, and thustakes birth in higher or lower forms of life.
13:22: The Supreme God is the Witness, Allower, Supporter and theEnjoyer. This Supreme Person is said to be the highest Self within thebody.
13:23: One who understands this about the living entities,material nature and the gunas, regardless of lifestyle, is not bornagain.
13:24, 25: Some behold the Self by inward meditation; others findthe Self through systematic insights into the nature of worldlyexistence, while yet others by sacrificing the results of all fruitiveactivities.
But others, lacking in knowledge, hear from others and thus worship Me.They also transcend death, being solely devoted to what they haveheard.
13:26: Whatever comes into being, whether moving or unmoving,know to be the result of union between the field and the knower of thefield, O best of the Bharatas.
13:27, 28: The supreme God is abiding equally in all livingbeings, among the perishable and the imperishable. One who discerns thistruly sees.
Seeing the supreme God abiding everywhere equally, one does not corrupt oneself and thereby attains the highest goal.
13:29, 30: All activities are performed by material nature. One who sees the self completely devoid of activities truly sees.
Keeping in mind that all the diverse beings in existence abide as expansions of the One, the living entity attains Brahman.
13:31: The inexhaustible supreme Self, having no beginning andpossessing no material qualities, although abiding in the body, O childof Kunti, is neither active nor contaminated.
13:32: Due to its all-pervading subtlety, the ether is notdefiled. Likewise, abiding throughout the body, the Self is notcontaminated.
13:33: As the one sun illumines the whole world, so too God, theOwner of the field, illumines the entire field (of the material body), Odescendent of Bharata.
13:34: Those who, with the eye of knowledge, distinguish betweenthe field (the body) and the Knower of the field, and who understandsthe liberation of the living beings from material nature, they attainthe Supreme.
Here Ends Chapter Thirteen
Go to: Notes and References.
Go to: Cover Page.
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